History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -29
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -274
By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
Chieftains of Bhilanggadh
In thirteenth century, barring Barahat and Bhilangana Valley there was Chauhan chieftains rule over Garhwal including Haridwar. There is no record available for chieftains ruling Bhilanggadh of Bhilangana Valley. Bhilanggadh was the capital of Barahat and Bhilangana Valley.
One of the Chieftains of Bhilanggadh was Sonpal who married his daughter with the founder of Panwar dynasty Kanakpal Panwar. Sonpal handed over his kingdom to Kanakpal Panwar.
As per folklore collected by Atkinson, Sonpal was one of the strongest and influential chieftains of Garhwal. That shows that Kanakpal Panwar got influence in inheritance from Sonpal and his other father in law chieftain Bhanupal.
There disputes among historians for existence of Kanakpal or timing for his arrival in Garhwal.
There is no mention of Kanakpal in Manodayakavya created in the time of Garhwal King Man Shah. The name of Kanakpal is also not there on hand written notes of Bhavani Shah Record. The list from Almora and Maularam about Panwar family tree mentions Bhauna or Bhagwanpal as the initial Panwar King.
Wiket and Williams refers Kanakpal as starter of Panwar dynasty in Garhwal.
In case, Kanakpal was contemporary of Sonpal and Bhanupratap that showed that Kanakpal married with their daughters for increasing his power and territory. If Mangal Singh was son of Bhanu Pratap , Mangal Singh established his separate kingdom in Kandargarh and South of Garhwal including Haridwar and Nagina (Bijnor).
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, email@example.com/2//2014
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2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993 , The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -274