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Monday, July 29, 2013

Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur, India

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) - Part 110

   Early Middle Age South Asian History of Katyuri Imperialism of Kartikeypur in Kumaon, Garhwal and Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) -21

          (Early Asian Middle Age History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar, Doti Nepal (Uttarakhand, India))
                          (Early Asian Middle Age  History (740-1100 AD)

                                 ByBhishma Kukreti
  There are historical characteristics of Katyuri Kingdom of Kartikeyapur of Middle Age Asia.

                             Title and Characteristics of Katyuri Kings


          Except Tribhuwanraj, Nimbar and Salonaditya, other eleven Kartikeypur Katyuri kings of Asian middle age period assumed titles as ‘Parambhattarak Maharajadhiraj Parmeshwar’.  Most of Indian sovereign kings used to assume these titles in middle age.

              It was assumed as the King was the incarnation of God or part of God. It was believed that by seeing the King a sinful person would become virtuous.
                  The inscriptions describe Katyuri kings of Kartikeyapur as incarnation of Dharma; they were law protectors and had bright characters.
             The middle age inscriptions portrayed Katyuri kings were having characters of kindness, donors, truthfulness, humble, stable mentality, high bravery, energetic, serious and sensitive to people.
             The middle age inscriptions state that people had great respect for Kartikeyapur Katyuri kings and people were devotee of kings.
              The middle age copper inscriptions express the Katyuri kings were protectors and used to provide asylum to poor, orphans and weak people.
         The middle age historical dedications (Today’s Uttarakhand India, Asia)   explain that the kings were industrious and scholars.
           The middle age copper inscriptions (Middle Himalaya, India, Asia)   or administrative orders inform that Brahmins used to come for visiting the courts of King for donations and honor.  The kings used to donate gold and used to pay honor to scholars.
  The middle age inscriptions notify that Katyuri kings (Himalayan India, Asia)   were scholars, financially sound and respectful Kings.   
  

                Characteristics of Family Members of Kartikeyapur Katyuri Kings

             The middle age inscriptions of Katyuri Kings (Central Himalayan region, India, Asia)   described the names of king’s eldest wife as Mahadevi or great queen and eldest son as heir.
                The middle age inscriptions of Katyuri Kings (North India, Asia) suggest that the sons of King Family used to get important position in administration.
                Where in the middle age inscriptions, the title is Parambhattarak (Brave of Braves) Maharajadhiraj (king of Kings) Parmeshwar (God) , for Katyuri King , the ‘Raja’  (simple king) word was used for brothers, uncles of King.
 Perhaps the Rajanyak meant for prince.
  Rajputr was used for the sons of brothers of King.       
             
  
  


        

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 29/7/2013

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
                           
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued… Part -111
Early Asian Middle Age History of Katyuri Dynasty in Kumaon, Garhwal and Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued…22
        (Oriental Early Middle Age History (740-1100 AD to be continued…)

                                        References
A1- Agrawal, D.P., J.S Kharkwal, 1998, Central Himalayas: an archeological, linguistic and cultural synthesis 
1-Atkinson, E.T. 1974 (new edition), 1974, Kumaon Hills
1A- Adhikari, Suryamani, 1997, The Khasa Kingdom
1B- Chandola, Khemanand, 1987, Across Himalayas through Ages: a study of relations between central Himalayas and western Tibet
2--Chaurasiya, Radhey Shyam, 2002, History of Ancient India: Earliest time to 1000AD
3--Dabral, Shiv Prasad , 1968, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Bhag-3 Pages 429-513)
3A- Elliot and Dowson, History of Indian (2nd part)
4--Handa, O.C. 2002, history of Uttaranchal, Indus Publishing Company, New Delhi 27, page 22-44
4A- Joshi, M.C., 1990, Uttaranchal (Kumaon-Garhwal) Himalaya: an essay in historical anthropology 
5-Linrothe, Rob, 1999, Ruthless Compassion: Wrathful Deities in Early Indo Tibetan Esoteric Buddhist Art
6-Mishra, Nityanand, Source Materials of Kumaon History 
7-Mishra Baldev Prasad, Nepal ka Itihas
8- Pandey, B.D, 1937, new edition (1990), Kumaon ka Itihas
9- Pandey, Ram Niwas, 1997, Making of Modern Nepal, page 170
10-Rawat, Ajay S., 19 Garhwal Himalayas: A Study in Historical Perspective 
11-Satyankritan, Rahul, Garhwal
11A-Saklani, Dinesh Prasad, 1998, Ancient Communities of The Himalayas
11B- Tripathi, Ramdatt , Katyur ka Itihas
 12-Notes on Archeological Aspects of Uttarakhand: ascidehraduncircle.in/uttrakhand.html
13-Indian Archeology: A review, (edited by D. Mitra) 1979-80
14- Epigraphia  Indica 1982, Vol. XIII

Xxx                              xx
Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur, India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Joahsimath , India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Pandukeshwar region, India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Chamoli Garhwal , India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Chamoli Garhwal , India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Tehri Garhwal, India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Pauri Garhwal , India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Rudraprayag , India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Dehradun, India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Haridwar , India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Uttarkashi , India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Doti Nepal; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Pithoragarh, India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Bageshwar , India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Champawat, India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Almora , India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Nainital , India; Asian Middle Age Historical General and Exclusive Characteristics of Katyuri Kings of Kartikeyapur of Udham Singh Nagar, India